Version control tools

List of source version control tools for databases.
State-based tools - generate the scripts for database upgrade by comparing database structure to the model (etalon).
Migration-based tools - help/assist creation of migration scripts for moving database from one version to next.

Liquibase

Liquibase is an open source database-independent library for tracking, managing and applying database schema changes. It has the ability to roll changes back and forward from a specific point. It makes it easy to define database changes in a format that's familiar and comfortable to each user and then automatically generates database-specific SQL for you.

Generate change script: Yes
Runs on: (for desktop): Linux,Mac OS,Windows
Type: -
Repositories: -
Commercial: Free
Free edition: Yes

Flyway

Flyway provides version control for your database so you can migrate it with ease and confidence. Migrations can be written in SQL (database-specific syntax (such as PL/SQL, T-SQL, ...) is supported) or Java (for advanced data transformations or dealing with LOBs).

Generate change script: No
Runs on: (for desktop): Linux,Mac OS,Windows
Type: Migration-based tools
Repositories: File
Commercial: Commercial
Free edition: Yes

Idera DB Change Manager

DB Change Manager puts the power of change tracking, schema comparison, software-generated synchronization scripts, and flexible reporting into the hands of DBAs and developers. It captures and compares schema differences between one or more archived or live databases, handles object dependencies and preserves data. It also generates alter scripts to sync selected objects or restore to a prior state.

Generate change script: Yes
Runs on: (for desktop): Windows
Type: State-based tools
Repositories: Database
Commercial: Commercial
Free edition: No

Apricot DB

Git based project/snapshot synchronization

Generate change script: Yes
Runs on: (for desktop): Windows
Type: State-based tools
Repositories: -
Commercial: Free
Free edition: Yes